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科技部办公厅 财政部办公厅 教育部办公厅 中科院办公厅 工程院办公厅 自然科学基金委办公室关于印发《新形势下加强基础研究若干重点举措》的通知

国科办基〔2020〕38号

2019-05-12
【字体:

YUYINBOBAO

GEYOUGUANDANWEI:

  WEISHENRUGUANCHELUOSHI《GUOWUYUANGUANYUQUANMIANJIAQIANGJICHUKEXUEYANJIUDERUOGANYIJIAN》(GUOFA〔2018〕4HAO),ZAIXINXINGSHIXIAJINYIBUJIAQIANGJICHUYANJIU,TISHENGBGSHIXUNWANGGUOJICHUYANJIUHEKEJICHUANGXINNENGLI,KEJIBU、CAIZHENGBU、JIAOYUBU、ZHONGKEYUAN、GONGCHENGYUAN、ZIRANKEXUEJIJINWEIGONGTONGZHIDINGLE《XINXINGSHIXIAJIAQIANGJICHUYANJIURUOGANZHONGDIANJUCUO》。XIANYINFAJINIMEN,QINGJIEHEBENDANWEISHIJIRENZHENLUOSHI。

KEJIBUBANGONGTING CAIZHENGBUBANGONGTING JIAOYUBUBANGONGTING

ZHONGKEYUANBANGONGTING GONGCHENGYUANBANGONGTING ZIRANKEXUEJIJINWEIBANGONGSHI

2020NIAN4YUE29RI

(CIJIANZHUDONGGONGKAI)


新形势下加强基础研究若干重点举措

BG视讯网  JICHUYANJIUSHIZHENGGEKEXUETIXIDEYUANTOU,SHISUOYOUJISHUWENTIDEZONGJIGUAN。XIANDAIKEXUEJISHUFAZHANJINRUDAKEXUESHIDAI,KEXUE、JISHU、GONGCHENGJIASUSHENTOUYURONGHE,KEXUEYANJIUDEMOSHIBUDUANZHONGGOU,XUEKEJIAOCHA、KUAJIEHEZUO、CHANXUEYANXIETONGCHENGWEIQUSHI。JINGJIGAOZHILIANGFAZHANJIXUGAOSHUIPINGJICHUYANJIUDEGONGJIHEZHICHENG,XUQIUQIANYIN、YINGYONGDAOXIANGDEJICHUYANJIUZHANLVEYIYITUXIAN。XINXINGSHIXIAJINYIBUJIAQIANGJICHUYANJIU,YAOYIXIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGWEIZHIDAO,ZUNZHONGKEXUEFAZHANGUILV,TUCHUMUBIAODAOXIANG,ZHICHIZIYOUTANSUO,YOUHUAZONGTIBUJU,SHENHUATIZHIJIZHIGAIGE,CHUANGXINZHICHIFANGSHI,YINGZAOCHUANGXINHUANJING,TISHENGYUANSHICHUANGXINNENGLI,NULIPANDENGSHIJIEKEXUEGAOFENG,WEICHUANGXINXINGGUOJIAHESHIJIEKEJIQIANGGUOBGSHIXUNWANGTIGONGQIANGDAZHICHENG。

  WEILUOSHI《GUOWUYUANGUANYUQUANMIANJIAQIANGJICHUKEXUEYANJIUDERUOGANYIJIAN》,JINYIBUJIAQIANGJICHUYANJIU,TISHENGBGSHIXUNWANGGUOJICHUYANJIUHEKEJICHUANGXINNENGLI,SHIXIANQIANZHANXINGJICHUYANJIU、YINLINGXINGYUANCHUANGCHENGGUOZHONGDATUPO,TETICHUYIXIAZHONGDIANJUCUO。

  一、优化基础研究总体布局

  1. JIAQIANGJICHUYANJIUTONGCHOUBUJU。JIANCHIJICHUYANJIUZHENGTIXINGSIWEI,BAWOJICHUYANJIUYUYINGYONGYANJIURIQUYITIHUADEFAZHANQUSHI,ZHUZHONGJIEJUESHIJIWENTI,YIYINGYONGYANJIUDAIDONGJICHUYANJIU,JIAQIANGZHONGDAKEXUEMUBIAODAOXIANG、YINGYONGMUBIAODAOXIANGDEJICHUYANJIUXIANGMUBUSHU,ZHONGDIANJIEJUECHANYEFAZHANHESHENGCHANSHIJIANZHONGDEGONGXINGJICHUWENTI,WEIGUOJIAZHONGDAJISHUCHUANGXINTIGONGZHICHENG。QIANGHUAMUBIAODAOXIANG,ZHICHIZIYOUTANSUO,TUCHUYUANSHICHUANGXIN,QIANGHUAZHANLVEXINGQIANZHANXINGJICHUYANJIU,GULITICHUXINSIXIANG、XINLILUN、XINFANGFA。ZHIDINGJICHUYANJIU2021—2035NIANDEZONGTIGUIHUA。

  2. WANSHANGUOJIAKEJIJIHUATIXI。CHONGFENFAHUIGUOJIAZIRANKEXUEJIJINDEZUOYONG,ZIZHUJICHUYANJIUHEKEXUEQIANYANTANSUO,ZHICHIRENCAIHETUANDUIBGSHIXUNWANG,JIAQIANGMIANXIANGGUOJIAXUQIUDEXIANGMUBUSHULIDU,TISHENGGUOJIAZIRANKEXUEJIJINZHICHENGJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDENENGLI。MIANXIANGGUOJIKEXUEQIANYANHEGUOJIAZHONGDAZHANLVEXUQIU,TUCHUZHANLVEXING、QIANZHANXINGHEDIANFUXING,YOUHUAGUOJIAKEJIZHONGDAZHUANXIANG、GUOJIAZHONGDIANYANFAJIHUA、JIDIHERENCAIJIHUAZHONGJICHUYANJIUZHICHITIXI,QIANGHUADUIMUBIAODAOXIANGJICHUYANJIUDEXITONGBUSHUHETONGCHOUSHISHI。

  二、激发创新主体活力

BG视讯网  3. QIESHIBAZUNZHONGKEYANRENYUANDEKEYANHUODONGZHUTIDIWEILUODAOSHICHU。WANSHANSHIYINGJICHUYANJIUTEDIANHEGUILVDEJINGFEIGUANLIZHIDU,JIANCHIYIRENWEIBEN,ZENGJIADUI“REN”DEZHICHI。ZHONGDIANWEIRAOYOUXIURENCAITUANDUIPEIZHIKEJIZIYUAN,TUIDONGKEXUEJIA、SHUXUEJIA、GONGCHENGSHIZAIYIQIGONGTONGKAIZHANYANJIU。LUOSHIKEYANRENYUANZAILIXIANGXUANTI、JINGFEISHIYONGYIJIZIYUANPEIZHIDEZIZHUQUAN,SHIFANGRENCAICHUANGXINCHUANGZAOHUOLI。QIESHIBAOZHANGKEYANRENYUANGONGZUOHESHENGHUOTIAOJIAN,QIANGHUADUICHENGDANJICHUYANJIUGUOJIAZHONGDARENWUDERENCAIHETUANDUIDEJILI,LUOSHIYIZENGJIAZHISHIJIAZHIWEIDAOXIANGDEFENPEIZHENGCE,TANSUOSHIXINGNIANXINZHIHEXUESHUXIUJIAZHIDU,DUIKEYANGUGANZAINEIBUJIXIAOGONGZIFENPEISHIYUYIQINGXIE。JIAKUAITUIJINJINGFEISHIYONG“BAOGANZHI”DELUOSHILUODI。RENZHENLUOSHI《GUANYUYOUHUAKEYANGUANLITISHENGKEYANJIXIAORUOGANCUOSHIDETONGZHI》,ANPAIHAOCHUNLILUNJICHUYANJIU、DUISHIYANSHEBEIYILAICHENGDUDIHESHIYANCAILIAOHAOFEISHAODEJICHUYANJIUXIANGMUJIANJIEFEIYONG。

  4. ZHICHIQIYEHEXINXINGYANFAJIGOUJIAQIANGJICHUYANJIU。YINDAOQIYEMIANXIANGZHANGYUANFAZHANHEJINGZHENGLITISHENGQIANZHANBUSHUJICHUYANJIU。SAOCHUGAOXIAO、KEYANYUANSUOHEQIYEJIANRENCAILIUDONGDEZHIDUZHANGAI。ZHICHIQIYECHENGDANGUOJIAKEYANXIANGMU。ZHICHIXINXINGYANFAJIGOUZHIDUCHUANGXIN,ZAIKEYANMOSHI、PINGJIATIXI、RENCAIYINJIN、ZHICHENGPINGDING、NEIKONGZHIDUDENGFANGMIANJIJITANSUO,XIANXINGXIANSHI。ZHICHIXINXINGYANFAJIGOUBGSHIXUNWANGCHUANGXINPINGTAI、CHENGDANGUOJIAKEYANRENWU。TUIDONGCHANXUEYANXIEZUORONGTONG,XINGCHENGJICHUYANJIU、YINGYONGYANJIUHEJISHUCHUANGXINGUANTONGFAZHANDEKEJICHUANGXINSHENGTAI。

  三、深化项目管理改革

BG视讯网  5. GAIGEXIANGMUXINGCHENGJIZHI。JIANQUANJICHUYANJIURENWUZHENGJIJIZHI,ZUZHIXINGYEBUMEN、QIYE、ZHANLVEYANJIUJIGOU、KEXUEJIADENGGONGTONGYANPANKEXUEQIANYANHEZHANLVEFAZHANFANGXIANG,DUOFANGNINGLIANJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANHESHENGCHANYIXIANDEZHONGDAKEXUEWENTI。TIGAOZHINANKAIFANGXING,JIANHUAZHINANNEIRONG,BUXIANDINGJUTIJISHULUXIAN,DUIYUANCHUANGXINGQIANGDEYANJIUTANSUOYIZHIXIANGDAITIZHINAN。HELIBAWOXIANGMUGUIMO,BIMIANPINCOUHEDABAO,BAOZHENGJINGZHENGXINGHECANYUDU。TUIXINGPINGSHENZHUANJIAZERENJIZHI,QIANGHUA“XIAOTONGXING”PINGSHEN,YINGYONGMUBIAODAOXIANGLEIJICHUYANJIUPINGSHENXUZENGJIAYINGYONGHECHANYEZHUANJIA。TUIJINPINGSHENHUODONGGUOJIHUA。YOUHUAWANSHANFEIGONGSHIXIANGMUDELINXUANJIZHIHEZIZHUJIZHI,JIANLIFEIGONGSHIHEDIANFUXINGXIANGMUJIANYI“WANGSHANGZHITONGCHE”,QUANSHIDUANZHENGJIZHONGDAXUQIUFANGXIANGJIANYI。DUIYUJUBEI“DIANFUXING、FEIGONGSHI、GAOFENGXIAN”DENGTEZHENGDEYUANCHUANGXIANGMU,YINGDANDUSHEZHIQUDAO,CHUANGXINLINXUANFANGSHI,TANSUOJIANLIYOUBIEYUXIANXINGXIANGMUDELINXUANJIZHI。DUIYUANCHUANGXINGXIANGMUKAITONGLVSEPINGSHENTONGDAO。

  6. GAIJINXIANGMUSHISHIGUANLI。ZAIDIAOZHENGCANYURENYUAN、YANJIUFANGAN、JISHULUXIANHEJINGFEIKAIZHIKEMUFANGMIANFUYUXIANGMUFUZERENGENGDADEZIZHUQUAN。SHISHI“JIANBIAOXINGDONG”,JIANHUAYUSUANCESUANSHUOMINGHEBIANBAOBIAOGE。JIANLIDINGQIPINGGUYUDANXINGPINGGUXIANGJIEHEDEPINGGUZHIDU,JIANSHAOPINGGUPINLV,KEYIXIANGMUZIZHUSHENQINGKAIZHANZHONGQIPINGGU,SANNIANYIXIADEXIANGMUBUZAIJINXINGZHONGQIPINGGU。JIANLIXIANGMUDONGTAIDIAOZHENGJIZHI,QIANGHUAQUANCHENGGENZONG,DUISHISHIHAODEXIANGMUJIAQIANGGUNDONGZHICHI,DUICHADEXIANGMUYAOJISHIDIAOZHENG。XIANGMUWANCHENGQINGKUANGYAOKEGUANPINGJIA,BUDEKUADACHENGGUOSHUIPING。JIANGKEXUEPUJIZUOWEIJICHUYANJIUXIANGMUKAOHEDEBIYAOTIAOJIAN。WENBUTISHENGJICHUYANJIUJIHUA、XIANGMUHEJIDIDEDUIWAIKAIFANGLIDU。TUIDONGJICHUYANJIURENCAI、XIANGMUDENGDUOCENGCI、QUANFANGWEI、GAOSHUIPINGBGSHIXUNWANGHEGUOJIHEZUO。

  四、营造有利于基础研究发展的创新环境

  7. GAIJINJICHUYANJIUPINGJIA。CHUANGXINRENCAIPINGJIAJIZHI,JIANLIJIANQUANYICHUANGXINNENGLI、ZHILIANG、GONGXIANWEIDAOXIANGDEKEJIRENCAIPINGJIATIXI。ZHUZHONGGERENPINGJIAHETUANDUIPINGJIAXIANGJIEHE,ZUNZHONGHERENKETUANDUISUOYOUCANYUZHEDESHIJIGONGXIAN。JICHUYANJIUPINGJIAYAOFUHEKEXUEFAZHANGUILV、FANYINGJICHUYANJIUTEDIAN,SHIXINGFENLEIPINGJIA、ZHANGZHOUQIPINGJIA,TUIXINGDAIBIAOZUOPINGJIAZHIDU。ZHUZHONGJICHUYANJIULUNWENFABIAOHOUDESHENHUAYANJIU、ZHONGZHANGQICHUANGXINJIXIAOPINGJIAHECHENGGUOZHUANHUADEHOUPINGJIAGONGZUO。DUIZIYOUTANSUOHEDIANFUXINGCHUANGXINHUODONGJIANLIMIANZEJIZHI,KUANRONGSHIBAI。GAOXIAO、KEYANYUANSUOYAOYANGELUOSHI《GUANYUSHENHUAXIANGMUPINGSHEN、RENCAIPINGJIA、JIGOUPINGGUGAIGEDEYIJIAN》YAOQIU,POCHU“WEILUNWEN、WEIZHICHENG、WEIXUELI、WEIJIANGXIANG”DEQINGXIANG。

BG视讯网  8. TUIDONGKEJIZIYUANKAIFANGGONGXIANG。JIAQIANGKEYANSHESHIYUYIQIGUOJIAWANGLUOGUANLIPINGTAIBGSHIXUNWANG,WANSHANKAIFANGGONGXIANGDEPINGJIAKAOHEHEHOUBUZHUJIZHI,SHENHUAXINGOUYIQISHEBEIGOUZHICHAZHONGPINGYI,QIANGHUAGUANLIDANWEIZHUTIZEREN,JIAKUAITUIJINKEYANSHESHIYUYIQIKAIFANGGONGXIANG。TUIJINGUOJIAKEJIZIYUANGONGXIANGBGSHIXUNWANGPINGTAIBGSHIXUNWANG,BGSHIXUNWANGYIPIGUOJIAKEXUESHUJUZHONGXINHEGUOJIAKEJIZIYUANKU(GUAN)。JIAQIANGSHIYANDONGWUZIYUANHEKEYANYONGSHIJIDEYANFAYUYINGYONG。GOUJIANWANSHANDEGUOJIAKEJIWENXIANXINXIBAOZHANGBGSHIXUNWANGTIXI。

  五、完善支持机制

  9. JIADADUIJICHUYANJIUDEWENDINGZHICHI。WANSHANJICHUYANJIUTOURUJIZHI,JIADADUIZHANGQIZHONGDIANJICHUYANJIUXIANGMU、ZHONGDIANTUANDUIHEKEYANJIDIDEWENDINGZHICHI。ZHICHIYOUXIUQINGNIANKEXUEJIAZHANGQIWENDINGKAIZHANJICHUYANJIU,JIANCHIBENTUPEIYANGHECONGWAIYINJINBINGJU。RENZHENLUOSHI《GUANYUKUODAGAOXIAOHEKEYANYUANSUOKEYANXIANGGUANZIZHUQUANDERUOGANYIJIAN》,ZHICHIGAOXIAOHEKEYANYUANSUOWEIRAOZHONGYAOFANGXIANG,ZIZHUZUZHIKAIZHANJICHUYANJIU。ZHONGGOUGUOJIASHIYANSHIHEGUOJIAZHONGDIANSHIYANSHITIXI,XINGCHENGYIZHONGDAWENTIWEIDAOXIANG,KUAXUEKELINGYUXIETONGKAIZHANZHONGDAJICHUYANJIUDEWENDINGJIZHI。

BG视讯网  10. WANSHANJICHUYANJIUDUOYUANHUATOURUTIXI。TUOKUANJICHUYANJIUJINGFEITOURUQUDAO,ZHUBUTIGAOJICHUYANJIUZHANQUANSHEHUIYANFATOURUBILI。ZHONGYANGCAIZHENGCHIXUJIADADUIJICHUYANJIUDEZHICHILIDU。TONGGUOBUSHENGLIANHEZUZHISHISHIGUOJIAZHONGDAKEJIRENWUHEGONGJIANKEYANJIDIDENGFANGSHI,TUIDONGDIFANGJIADAJICHUYANJIUTOURU,QIANGHUADIFANGCAIZHENGDUIYINGYONGJICHUYANJIUDEZHICHI。JIJITUIDONGYUGEXINGYESHELILIANHEJIJIN,JIEJUEZHIYUEXINGYEFAZHANDESHENCENGCIKEXUEWENTI。YINDAOHEGULIQIYEJIADADUIJICHUYANJIUHEYINGYONGJICHUYANJIUDETOURULIDU。GULISHEHUIZIBENTOURUJICHUYANJIU,ZHICHISHEHUIGEJIESHELIJICHUYANJIUJUANZENGJIJIN。

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